23 this month.
1) Are take-home naloxone programmes effective? Systematic review utilizing application of the Bradford Hill criteria.
McDonald R, Strang J.
Addiction. 2016 Mar 30. doi: 10.1111/add.13326. [Epub ahead of print] Review.
Comments: Take-home naloxone meets all Bradford Hill criteria for causality in reducing opioid overdose mortality. Incidence of fatality among overdoses in the setting of take-home naloxone was 0.8%.
Loreck D, Brandt NJ, DiPaula B.
J Gerontol Nurs. 2016 Apr 1;42(4):10-5. doi: 10.3928/00989134-20160314-04.
Comments: A review of the U.S. situation and treatments for opioid use disorder.
3) Years of potential life lost amongst heroin users in the Australian Treatment Outcome Study cohort, 2001-2015.
Darke S, Marel C, Mills KL, Ross J, Slade T, Tessson M.
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2016 May 1;162:206-10. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.03.010. Epub 2016 Mar 18.
Comments: Heroin use is associated with 25-50 years of life lost. Over half of deaths and nearly two-thirds of years of life lost were due to opioid overdose.
4) Risk factors for unnatural death: Fatal accidental intoxication, undetermined intent and suicide: Register follow-up in a criminal justice population with substance use problems.
Olsson MO, Bradvik L, Öjehagen A, Hakansson A.
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2016 May 1;162:176-81. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.03.009. Epub 2016 Mar 17.
Comments: Accidental overdose death and suicide are distinct entities, with distinct predictive variables. This is important.
Saucier CD, Zaller N, Macmadu A, Green TC.
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2016 May 1;162:211-8. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.03.011. Epub 2016 Mar 19.
Comments: Harm reduction programs training law enforcement, a critical step forward.