Wednesday, August 12, 2015

PubMed Update June - July 2015

Great stuff this time! 34 in two months.

Wheeler E, Jones TS, Gilbert MK, Davidson PJ.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015 Jun 19;64(23):631-5.
Comment: The long-awaited sequel to 2010’s blockbuster naloxone MMWR report! 152,283 laypersons trained and 26,463 overdose reversals reported to naloxone programs through 2014.

Mars SG, Fessel JN, Bourgois P, Montero F, Karandinos G, Ciccarone D.
Soc Sci Med. 2015 Jun 30;140:44-53. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.06.032. [Epub ahead of print]
Comment: Interesting use of qualitative data exploring the role of heroin markets on overdose risk, suggesting that factors such as open-air versus behind-closed-door markets can affect risk.

Cropsey KL, Stevens EN, Valera P, Brendan Clark C, Bulls HW, Nair P, Lane PS.
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 Jul 10. pii: S0376-8716(15)00352-X. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.06.038. [Epub ahead of print]
Comment: There’s a movement toward not prescribing opioids with benzodiazepines at all. This makes some sense from an overdose prevention perspective, however the impact of such a policy is unknown. Those who require both opioids and benzodiazepines generally have far more complex and substantial mental health challenges. Just removing one or the other of the agents may results in worsening mental health or even increased rates of self-harm. Or not. Nobody knows.

Soukup-Baljak Y, Greer AM, Amlani A, Sampson O, Buxton JA.
Int J Drug Policy. 2015 Jul 2. pii: S0955-3959(15)00200-5. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2015.06.006. [Epub ahead of print]
Comment: This is interesting, particularly in an era of frequent high-potency batches of heroin or even pure fentanyl derivatives. Subjects recommend using words like “dangerous” or “lethal” instead of “potent” which can be misconstrued as desirable. They also emphasized timeliness. As one of the first studies to really look at this issue, this paper is well worth the read.

Visconti AJ, Santos GM, Lemos NP, Burke C, Coffin PO.
J Urban Health. 2015 Jun 16. [Epub ahead of print]
Comment: Epidemiology of opioid overdose mortality in San Francisco – the first since Pete Davidson’s seminal geocoding paper in 2003 that led SF to refocus overdose prevention efforts to the hardest hit neighborhoods. This paper documents that heroin overdose is now remarkably rare in San Francisco, although for me it raises more questions than it answers.